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公三作文写作指南


公共英语三级写作***试的特点是什么呢?
公三英语***试的写作部分分为两个小节,PartA一般是给出一个情景,要求根据情景写一篇应用文,可能是写一封信或者便笺等,要求单词数量在100词左右;PartB也是给出一个图画或者图表,要求写一篇看图文章或者图表分析文章,要求单词数量在120词左右。
PartA大多是应用文写作,应用文写作在公共英语三级***试中也是占了很大的比例。这部分又可以具体分为两类:
一类是命题作文,只给出了作文要求,让你按照要求写一封信或者便笺。写的时候先从作文要求中找出关键***的词汇,然后想一下先写哪一点再写哪一点,这样才能保证作文中不会漏写某一点,并且可以使文章更有条理***。
一类是除了命题之外,另外列出三个句子,要求***生根据所给每个文段的第一句进行续写,完成各个段落。做这类题目的时候关键在于审视每个段落的第一句,可以把这第一句作为中心句进行深入的扩展,最后达到各个段落的连贯;或者是另外给出一些关键***的词汇,要求***生根据提供的部分词语或者词组进行写作。写作时,要立足于关键词,紧扣文章主题来写。把每一个关键词语进行排序,计划一下在哪个段落用到哪些词语,如何对这几个关键词语进行挖掘扩展。
PartB多为看图作文或者图表作文,具体也可以分为两类:
一类是看图作文,可以分两段来写,第一就是描述图片内容,第二就是围绕图片进行深入的扩展,这样文章才会显的深刻丰满。只要词汇量达到了,平时积累一些好的句式,能不事情讲解明白就可以了。在这里也不建议写的过长,文章长就容易出现错误。还有就是写的时候不要想当然,自己造一些句子,这都是不可取的,因为很可能你的句子是中国式的句子不符合英语的语言习惯。建议******用自己在课文或者范文中见过的句子。
还有就是图表作文,给你一个统计表,要求针对图表进行分析,做这类题目的时候,看懂图表是第一步,图表一般都是两个部分数量的比较,分析的结果一般是从列表中可以看出,某事物的发展是先快后慢或者一直呈现迅猛发展的趋势等等此类,当然不都是如此。然后表达的时候,可以从较为简单的地方着手进行阐述,不要太计较先后顺序,还要掌握一些常用的数字表达方法。
知道了公三英语作文的特点和要求,那么怎样在公三的英语写作中发挥好呢?
第一,平时一定要多积累一些公三写作部分的范文,如果能够背诵尽可能多的范文效果是******的。背诵之前一定要给孩子进行适当的讲解,理解中背诵更加有助于对句式的理解,如果对句子形式理解透彻了,写作文时更能灵活变通的运用句式,不会仅仅局限于直接使用。所以,背诵范文是非常重要的一个环节。
第二,有计划的集中练习英语作文,可以每天从一些模拟题或者真题中找一个题目,让孩子就这个题目写上三五句话,天天练习,一天积累三五个句子,这样练习下来进步是很大的。
第三,让孩子大量的阅读,可以对照公三英语作文的类型,找一些图文并茂的文章给孩子读,还可以找一些说明文、议论文的文章给孩子读,涉及的文体和内容都要广一点,积累的多了,到了写作文的时候,自然就会有的写,这和语文学习中写作文道理是一样的。
总之,语言的学习就是一个长期的积累,而语言类学科***试的技巧,也无非就是看您孩子学习到的是不是正好是要***试的内容。所以,针对公三作文***试的类型进行练习,一定可以***的很好的。

英语等级***试http://kaoshi.gkstk.com三级***试常***的信件
:邀请信, 应征信,求职信, 感谢信, 致歉信, 道贺信, 投诉信, 询问信, 推荐信等等,今天我们整理了书信写作中的常用语,供同学们参***。
1. 信件开头常用语
I am writing to you to ask about the meeting to be held next month.
I have received your letter on Feb. 2nd 1998.
Thank you very much for the position you are offering.
It’s a long time that we haven’t seen each other.
I’m writing to introduce to you one of my good friends, Mr. Smith.
2. 信件文中常用语
Your presence on this occasion would be our greatest honour.
3. 信件结尾常用语
With many thanks.
Wish you the best of health and success.
Your early reply will be highly appreciated.
Expecting to hear from as soon as possible.
Looking forward to the pleasure of meeting you.
Regretting the inconvenience caused to you.
Thanks once more.
Many thanks for your kindness.
Thanks a lot and best wishes for you.


公三作文范文
[题目要求]A foreign delegation is to visit your university. You are assigned to make a welcome speech on behalf of your class. Now write a welcome speech to
1)express your welcome, and 
2)make a brief introduction to your university. 
You should write about 100 words on ANSER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points) 
[参***范文]A Welcome Speech一封欢迎词(107 words) 
Ladies and Gentlemen, 
First of all, please allow me to express the most heartfelt welcome to all of you on behalf of our Class One in the Computer Science Department of Tsinghua University. We have been looking forward to seeing you for long. It is a wonderful day today. 
Now I would like to brief my university to you since I want to leave the most wonderful for you to discover. Tsinghua University is well-known both at home and abroad. If you want to meet distinguished scholars, please come to Tsinghua. If you want to meet the most industrious students, please come to Tsinghua. If you want to discover the most attractive campus, please come to Tsinghua. I do hope that you will enjoy your stay in Tsinghua. 
              Sincerely Yours
     Li Ming
Why Do Students learn English? 
[参***范文]
English has been getting more and more popular in the last decade. Many countries have made English taught as the second language in schools. But why do students need English? If they do need, what do they need it for?Different students learn English for different purposes. Most of the students learn English because they need to read English textbooks or journals and attend English lectures, while a few students use it to talk to English-speaking visitors, attend seminars, or write letters and reports. Whatever the purposes are, one thing is certain: Students need English, and English teaching should be strengthened in universities. However, the current teaching methods should be improved and the teaching materials should be updated to satisfy their needs.

题目要求]You have found an electronic dictionary and want to return it to its owner. Write a notice of Lost and Found to clearly state: 
1)the time and place of your finding  2)the feature of the dictionary 3)your information for contact .You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. You do not need to write the address. (10 points) 
[参***范文](104 words) Lost and Found招领公告
On the evening of January 4th, 2005, I found an electronic dictionary in the English reading-room on the 3rd floor of the new library in the east district of our university.  The electronic dictionary can be generally described as follows. It is brand new and llic gray in color. What's more, the portable electronic dictionary is as big as a piece of cake and as thin as a regular magazine. 
The owner of the electronic dictionary may contact me now. My room phone number and mobile phone number are (010) 62043340 and 13801106414 respectively. Please make appointment in advance. 
Sincerely Yours 
Li Ming


[题目要求]烟草产量和世界人口的关系
Directions: 
A. Study the following set of pictures carefully and write an essay in no less than 120 words. 
B. Your essay must be written clearly on the ANSWER SHEET. 
C. Your essay should cover all the information provided and meet the requirements below: 
1. Interpret the following picture. 
2. Predict the tendency of tobacco consumption and give your reasons
【参***范文】 
The problem of smoking has received more and more concern from all over the world.  As is indicated by the pictures, smokers for nearly 20% of the world population. And tobacco has caused a loss of 200 billion U.S. dollars and claimed 3 million lives annually. 
However, it is billion that the world tobacco production witnessed a decrease from 14.364 billion pounds in 1994 to 14.2 in 1995. according to this change. I confidently believe that there will be less and less tobacco consumption in the future, generally for two reasons. On the one hand, being aware of the harm of smoking, more and more people join in the fight against it. They either try their best to give up smoking or advise others not to smoke any longer. 
On the other hand, many governments have attached more attention to this social hazard and take various measures to put an end to it. Therefore, I have every reason to believe that the fight against smoking will be won by us human beings at last. 


[题目要求]Directions: Suppose that you ordered a refrigerator but later found a worrying problem. Write a letter of complaint to describe the matter and require settlement, Do not sign your own name at the end of your letter, using “Li Ming” instead. 
[参***范文]就冰箱的问题写一封投诉信
Dear Sir, 
I am happy that the refrigerator we ordered last week has arrived on time. But it is a great pity that we find there is something wrong with the refrigeration facilities. 
After we used it for several days. we found that food stored in the refrigerating compartment turned bad quickly. When we finally decided to take the temperature in it, we were surprised to find it was around 15℃, far from the standard temperture range from 0℃ to 9℃. 
This problem has affected our normal life. Would you please let me know whether or not you can send a repairman as soon as possible? I hope that my problem will get your kind consideration. 
Yours faithfully



[题目要求]汽车给人们生活带来的好处,但同时也车产生很多问题,对此你是如何看待汽车的作用。 [参***范文]
Since their coming into being, automobiles have been significantly contributing to human industries, agricultures, and even the daily lives. 
It is automobiles that have been shaping and reflecting the ways humans work and think. They accelerate the sustainable economic development. They boost industries. They also catalyze scientific research. But nobody can deny that automobiles have also exerted some unfavorable impacts on social and economic fabric. First of all, they have seriously polluted the environment in which humans survive. Secondly, traffic jam wastes lots of time. Finally, they also waste the money, especially in metropolis.  My opinion is that in the foreseeable future, scientists will be able to solve all problems. Exactly, human will eventually be able to minimize the harmful effects of automobiles, whereas their advantages can be maximized.
英语写作25个好句型:一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)  
例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 
Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 
二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 
例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 
三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要***也不为过。)例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 
四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) 
例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 
五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...) 
例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 
六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...) 
例句There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...) 
例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution. 
八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...) 
例句The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 
九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...) 
例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it. 
 十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...) 
例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不} 
十一、The + ~er + S + V,
~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~  
The + more + Adj + S + V,
~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)  
例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.   
The more books we read, the more learned we become.   
十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)  
例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.  
十三、~~~ enable + (受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)  
例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.  
 十四、On no account can we  + V ~~~ (我们******不能...)  
例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.  
十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)  
例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.    
十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)  
例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.  
十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)  
例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.    
十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)  
例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.    
十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)  
It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)  
It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)  
例句It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.  
二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)  
例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.  
二十一、For the past  + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)  
例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.  
二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。  
例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.  
二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)  
例句:It pays to help others.  
二十四、be d on (以...为基础)  
例句:The progress of thee society is d on harmony.   
二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)  
例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.  




网络/媒体购物 
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Media and Shopping. You should write at least 150 words according to the outline given below in Chinese: 
1. 当今,各种媒体非常发达,人们通过媒体购物相当普遍起来; 
2. 媒体购物给人们带来很多方便,同时也暴露出其弊端; 
3. 我的看法。 
「参***范文」 
Media and Shopping 
With numerous technological advances, various kinds of media have been well developed. As a result, an increasing number of people are fond of purchasing goods with the help of media, such as newspapers, radio stations, TV stations and the Internet. As we know, there are always two sides to everything and shopping via media is no exception. On the one hand, it saves much time, money and effort to purchase goods through media since you don‘t have to go to the shops in person. Besides, you can choose what you want from an enormous variety of goods on display. On the other hand, you may be cheated sometimes by the false information and suffer a considerable loss. As far as I am concerned, shopping via media brings great benefits to our life and our economy on the whole. At the same time, we need strengthened supervision over the information released via media. In this way, we can gain more benefits from shopping via media and reduce the possible harm to a minimum. 
继续教育问题 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic A Boom in Continuing Education. You should write at least 120 words, and your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 
1)上图为某城市2002-2008年参加继续教育的人数情况,请描述其中的变化; 
2)分析导致该变化的原因; 
3)谈谈你对继续教育的看法。 
【范文】 
A Boom in Continuing Education 
From the graph, we can learn the number of continuing education participants has kept increasing from 2002 to 2008 in X city. In 2002 there were only 20 thousand people taking part in the continuing education, but in 2004 the number grew to 70 thousand, and in 2006 150, and by 2008, the number has reached 230 thousand. It can be seen easily that continuing education is gaining more and more popularity。 
The following reasons are responsible for this boom in continuing education. Firstly, during the work many people begin to realize what they have learned in schools is far from enough. So they turn to continuing education to gain more knowledge and skills. Moreover, as the science and technology in China are developing very fast, adults after graduation have to refresh themselves. In addition, in modern society, those without bachelor's degrees or above are less competitive。 
As far as I am concerned, the boom in continuing education is a necessity. It provides those on-the-job people with chances to get advanced degrees and gain more knowledge. As our society develops, more and more people will receive continuing education in the future。 
大学生村官问题 
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic College Graduates Work as Village Officials. You should write at least 150 words, and your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 
1. 你是否认为大学生当村官是个好主意; 
2. 大学生能给乡村提供些什么; 
3. 大学生能从村官职位中获得什么。 
「范文」 
College Graduates Work as Village Officials 
Nowadays many college graduates choose to work as village officials in the remote areas. To this, people‘s attitudes differ sharply. Some hold the positive view while others are against it. As far as I am concerned, I believe that it is a wise choice. Above all, college graduates can contribute a lot to the development of the countryside. First, they can apply their professional knowledge there. Secondly, they can introduce new concepts to the countryside and speed the development of rural culture. As a result, the gap between the city and the countryside can well be bridged. In addition, these graduates can benefit a lot from working as village officials. While too many college graduates are fighting for the handful of positions in big cities, these graduates can find themselves a wider stage of development and realize their value. Therefore, college graduates working as village officials are a win-win choice and more graduates should be encouraged to work in the countryside. 
***试****** 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How to Deal with Cheating? You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese: 
1. 学生******的方式多种多样 
2. ******的原因,对******学生应如何处理 
3. 怎样杜绝****** 
「范文」 
How to Deal with Cheating? 
Many students tend to cheat in the exams. Some will copy the answers from their books. Some will talk with each other to share the right answers. Besides, some even write down the information on their skin. There are several causes leading to cheating. Some students want to get high scores without efforts. Secondly, some are under great pressure and they fear to fail the exams. Once the students are found cheating, the teachers should punish them severely and explain the harm of cheating to them. There are at least two ways to eliminate cheating. On the one hand, we should explain the harm of cheating to our students. On the other hand, strict measures should be taken against cheating. As a result, the fair play in the exams can be achieved and students can pay attention to study instead of cheating. 
大学生活 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to a good friend John, congratulating him on his admission to a famous university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese: 
1. 对朋友进入大学表示祝贺 
2. 介绍大学生活和中学生活的异同 
3. 对如何成功地过好大学生活提出自己的建议 
「范文」 
A Congratulation Letter 
June 16, 2006 
Dear John, 
I‘m very glad to hear that you have passed the entrance examination and been accepted by a very famous university. I feel very proud of you and I believe you really deserve the honor since you have been working so hard. As you have mentioned in the letter, there are both some similarities and differences between the college life and the life in high school. On the one hand, you have to go on working hard as there are a lot of subjects for you to learn. 
On the other hand, in high school, teachers will probably tell you what to learn and how to learn in details and will also monitor your learning performance, while in college, teachers work like tour guides and you have to find out your own way to acquire knowledge and solve problems. For you, I think to be optimistic is very important. If you hope to adapt yourself to the new environment, you‘d better be positive no matter what difficulties you will experience in your college life. May you adapt yourself to the college life as soon as possible! 
Truly Yours, 
Carl 


计算机与网络 
For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Internet in China. You should write at least 120 words, and your composition on the chart and the outline given below: 
1. 上图所示为 1999—2004全国上网人数情况,请描述其变化。 
2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格、国民生活水平提高或社会发展等方面加以说明)。 
3. 你认为人们在计算机使用过程中有什么困难或问题。 
「范文」 
Internet in China 
According to the above chart, the number of the people who go on the Internet has increased from 3.04 million in 1999 to 118 million in 2004. This indicates that Internet has gained its popularity in China at a very high speed. There are many reasons for Internet‘s rapid development in China. First, as a convenient source of information as well as an efficient means of communication, Internet becomes more and more useful to our study and work. Second, due to fierce competition computer companies have lowered the price of their products. The cheaper computers become, the more users there are. 
With computer, they can easily have access to the Internet. In addition, with the development of our society and the improvement of our living standard, people in China pursue a more colorful life with Internet. Some people download music and movies from the Internet, some join various clubs and make friends on the Internet, and some even often do some shopping through the Internet. Internet is also a sword with two edges. It brings about troubles for us. One common problem is computer viruses. They spread very quickly through the Internet and cause great damage to computer users. Another is crime committed through the Internet. As a result, we feel happy about the rapid development of Internet in China but at the same time we should guard against its negative effects. 
中国传统 
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Prevalence of Western Holidays. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese: 
1. 中国传统节日受到冷遇,西方节日日益升温已成为趋势 
2. 形成这种现象的原因 
3. 你对这种现象的态度 
「范文」 
The Prevalence of Western Holidays 
It is noticeable that western holidays are becoming increasingly popular day by day, while Chinese traditional holidays are being somewhat neglected. Old people often complain that Chinese New Year has lost its real meaning. To their astonishment, young people in China, ignorant about Chinese traditional holidays, are crazy about Christmas or Valentine‘s Day. There are several possible reasons for this phenomenon. First, western nations, such as the United States and Britain, are powerful and dominant in every aspect. Everything in these countries is assumed to be superior and adored by some modern young people. Second, the prevalence of English as a world language and the development of globalization enable western culture to flood in China. Overwhelmed by such a trend, Chinese unconsciously get involved in western culture. Last but not least, some Chinese people have blind faith in foreign things while dismiss our own possessions with contempt. I am critical of this trend. 
China boasts a brilliant history and splendid traditions. In modern times, Chinese tradition should be preserved and promoted. But it seems that young people no longer treasure the tradition. On the contrary, they turn to pursue enthusiastically a supposedly more modern culture. If this trend is allowed to continue, the priceless heritage of our ancestors will be replaced by western traditions. Nobody expects such a consequence. So let s join hand in hand to protect Chinese tradition. 



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